Experimentation as a means of organization of children’s activity in kindergartens


The article "Experimentation as a means of organizing activities of children in preschool educational institution" is devoted to the nature of the experiment, as a means of organization of scientific-cognitive activity of younger pre-schoolers. The purpose of this paper is to validate the expedience of the use of means of experimentation in the process of the research activity of younger pre-schoolers. The need for the child to new experience underlies the emergence and development of inexhaustible approximate research (search) activities aimed at cognition of the surrounding world. Methodology of the research was carried out in stages. In the first preparatory stage the children's attention was addressed to the object, were given instructions on how to perform the work. Developed and conducted a series of experiments during the regime of points: walks, recreational activities, training, household work, play activity, eating. Experiments were episodic, illustrative, short-term, single, primary. In the second stage, comparative experimental activity of children was organized in the same regime moments and was directed to perform any action with the object, the orientation in space, feeling the pressure development, the ability to determine the size, shape, color objects. The priority of the second phase was the transition to independent actions of children. They studied to compare the quality and condition of one object, acquired practical actions in maintaining health. Experiments have gradually become more complex. At the third summarizing phase the same regime point were used. Experiments carried systematic, long-term nature of the search, continued development of sensory activities. During the execution of experimental problems children mostly acted independently. Experiments have gradually become more complex and the most approached the experiments. This series of experiments has led to the conclusions and generalizations. Children in speech expressed impressions of experimentation results younger preschoolers experimental group presumed above the control groups in all areas of analysis. Scientific novelty has been noticed in that organization experimentation positive impact on awareness of valeological of younger pre-schoolers practical significance which is to develop a series of experiments that can be implemented in practice at pre-school. Search and research work stimulates cognitive activity of younger preschool children, developing creativity, improves health by raising the general level of physical activity.

Keywords: object-manipulative activities, approximately research (search) activities, experiment, valeologo awareness, мethodology, younger preschool age