The Influence of Family Upbringing on the Formation of Self-Esteem of Adolescents with Developmental Disabilities


The influence of family upbringing, in particular in particular family archetypes, has an impact on the formation of personality, especially during puberty, affecting various aspects of the mental life, health and behaviour of a teenager, including self-esteem, worldview, vision of one’s own “self-concept” in the world. Consequently, the main purpose of the study is to determine special features of the influence of family upbringing on the formation of adolescents with developmental disabilities. In the course of the study, the “KPQAA” method and Dembo-Rubinstein Method of Selfesteem Measurement were used. According to the results of research, it is determined that the leading archetypes of Animus (male aspect of education) are “Warrior”, “King”, which translate in education not only samples of masculinity (strength, honesty, justice, courage), but also a number of negative aspects, such as rudeness, moral pressure on family members, aggression (physical, verbal, indirect), etc. It is found that the embodiment of the female Anima occurs mainly through archetypal images of “Helen” and “Eve”, which indicates the high emotionality of the parenting process, submission as a model for children raised, honesty. It is confirmed that such female archetypes in the process of educating adolescents with developmental disabilities also translate instability of self-esteem, low self-esteem, rapid changes in desires, interests, a tendency to immorality (deception, flattery, betrayal), etc. It is established that the studied adolescents are mainly characterised by inadequately inflated and underestimated indicators of self-esteem, which is a consequence of the influence of leading archetypal images of upbringing in families. The article describes the influence of the style of family upbringing, interaction of parents with children with developmental disabilities on the formation of personality in general and such components as emotional, behavioural, motivational spheres, “self-concept”, “self-image”, self-esteem, worldview and interaction with modern society. The practical value of scientific work lies in the possibility of further development of effective psychological support for adolescents with developmental disabilities who have problems with the formation of self-esteem

Keywords: an individual with special educational needs, an individual with developmental disabilities, intellectual disability, combined personality development disorders, family upbringing, adolescence, “self-concept”