Structural Components of Personal Well-Being Experience of Persons with Functional Visual Disorders

Abstract.

The problem of experiencing personal well-being as a question of positive functioning of the individual in the actualised areas of life is relevant for modern psychological science and practice. The purpose of the study was to determine the supporting components of the experience of personal well-being of persons with functional visual impairments, the level of severity of which mediates such experiences. The study is based on determining the leading role of internal determinants in the experience of personal well-being in the conditions of functional visual impairment. As a result of the research, a structural model of experiencing well-being of persons with functional impairments is outlined, which includes such components as self-attitude (positive or negative) and experiences of personal capabilities or limitations in actualised ego identities. The study determined that the low degree of expressiveness of the modalities of self-assessment and the negative colour of personal experiences of functional disorders prevent the realisation of person's resourcefulness, the actualisation of its capabilities. Empirical research has shown that distorted self-perception of people with functional visual impairments is mediated by rigidity of self-image, its closedness, and personal experiences of limitations in relation to their own functional disorders in actualised spheres of life. The identified features of the structural components of experiencing their own well-being can be used to develop and implement a correctional programme aimed at forming an adequate level of self-esteem in persons with functional impairments, which confirms the practical significance of the study

Keywords: well-being of the individual, experience of well-being, self-attitude, self-concept, ego-identity, personal capabilities, functional and personal limitations

https://doi.org/10.52534/msu-pp.7(4).2021.66-75