The specificity of preschool children language development with hearing problems in comditions of inclusion


The article deals with the peculiarities of speech development of preschool children with hearing defects in inclusive purposefully organized schools. It is clarified that a pre-school educational establishment must create a system of corrective work of general treatment aimed primarily at correction of secondary deviations - the development of language and speech. Formation of aural speech of children with hearing defects is performed not only in communication but also at the individual classes and in the training activities. The combination of these two ways leads to the fast and qualitative mastering of the language. It is proved that preschool children with hearing defects posses non-stable attention. Education of children’s attention is contributed by the preparatory exercises that usually start the work with the language. A rather important role for the development of aural speech of a child with hearing defects isplayed by communication, included into common (with adults) cognitive and educational activities. The article indicates the idea that didactic, role-playing, creative games are significant for the development of coherent speech of children with hearing defects. Solving of this presupposes shared work of a deaf-and-dumb teacher and educators. Acting together, they create favorable conditions for the formation of linguistic reactions and language activity of children, their auditory orientation in the world of sounds.The formation of verbal speech of children with hearing disabilities is not only implemented directly through communication but also at individual classes in the process of training activity. The combination of these two ways promotes the fast and qualitative mastering of the language. The article proves the idea that under the influence of speech not only thinking is developed and improved but also generally the personality of the child with hearing defects. Hence, the formation of verbal speech of preschool children with hearing defects - is language units study for their implementation in speech activities and mastering the skills in both understanding the verbal speech and in producing it, mastering ways of thinking expression by means of language. Thus, the speech development of preschoolers - is important psychological and pedagogical problem the solution of which is a priority task of family and educational establishment. Children with hearing defects require language development not only for the sake of communicative interaction, but also for the possibility of successful socialization. Work in speech development of deaf children is specific, it is best done in terms of inclusive education, with the experts in this field. This process is implemented gradually, systematically performing a number of tasks and realizing the aim on the each stage. 

Keywords: kindergarten, inclusion, hearing, speech, education, development