The article is devoted to the study of emotional burnout of medical workers. The purpose of article is to examine the theoretical approaches to the syndrome of emotional burnout of medical workers. Exposed understand the essence of emotional burnout syndrome. This phenomenon is defined as the scientists produced the individual psychological defense mechanism; as a form of professional deformation of the person. It is noted that the syndrome of emotional burnout formed under the influence of external and internal assumptions. The essence of emotional burnout syndrome and its relationship with occupational stress faced by people in their own careers. The syndrome professional burnout is a common name for long working effects of stress and certain types of professional crisis, is a state of physical, mental and especially emotional exhaustion caused by long-term stay in congested situations of emotional communication. The analysis of approaches to emotional burnout in foreign psychology. Emotional burnout is understood as a state of physical, mental and especially emotional exhaustion caused by long-term stay in congested situations of emotional communication. Also, this syndrome is defined as a two-dimensional model consisting of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization; a three-component system consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduction of their personal achievements and is considered in terms of the presence of three levels and three stages according D. Spanol and R. Kepyuto and K. Maslach. Analysis of emotional burnout in domestic psychological science. This syndrome is most fully discussed V. Boyko, which determines the emotional burnout syndrome as a manifestation of its three phases of "tension", "Resistance" and "exhaustion", each of which consists of four symptoms. The analysis may be based on empirical research manifestations of emotional burnout in health care workers as well as search and develop preventive, corrective means to prevent and overcome emotional burnout in medical institutions.
Keywords: emotional burnout, deformation of individual psychological defense mechanism, stress, health workers