Psychological and educational aspects of the cultural and gaming environment impact on the development of moral feelings of 5-6 years old children

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of psychological and educational aspects of the impact of cultural and game environment upon the development of moral states of 5-6 years old children. Different types of surroundings are characterized, the particular essence of cultural game environment is revealed with the determination of its social functions. The purpose of the article is to reveal the psychological and pedagogical aspects of the impact of cultural and game surrounding upon the development of moral feelings of 5-6 years old children. Methods: theoretical (research, analysis, systematization and generalization of psychological and educational literature on the problem of identification of the current approaches to the study of cultural and game surrounding and its impact upon the development of moral feelings of preschool children. Some of these methods have made it possible to clarify the essence and idea of the basic concepts of "developing environment", "educational environment", "cultural environment", "сultural and game environment" and to determine the level of the up–to–date study. The following psychological and pedagogical aspects of the impact of cultural and game environment are determined for the development of moral feelings of 5 - 6 years old children: the content of the teacher’s work should contain the components that contribute to the formation of moral consciousness, feelings, thinking; the application of a theater game as well as techniques and methods that promote moral development; personal example of a teacher ( one of the parents) that demonstrates the culture of behavior and literate language etiquette; the implementation of fairy-tale characters and literary heroes in the development of moral feelings of 5 - 6 years old children; creating a supportive and comfortable atmosphere for 5 - 6 years old child’s continuance in a group of educational establishment; family’s active position in the development of moral feelings of 5 - 6 years old children.

Keywords: developing environment, educational environment, cultural environment, cultural and game environment, moral feelings, preschooler