The formation of social behavior of 5-6 years old children with general underdevelopment of speech (GUS) is one of the main points in the process of their adaptation into society. In our research, we have used the term "social behavior", in which the aspect of sociality reflects the objective affiliation with external, social relations in the environment. Preconditions for the development of social behavior have been observed in the activity of each child of preschool age. As a result of limited possibilities of children of preschool age with speech disorders in psychological development, there are a number of specific features of the development of social behavior that manifest themselves in the untimely and fragmentary development that needs to be taken into account in the correctional-speech therapy with these children. The article has shown the psychological and pedagogical aspects of the development of social behavior in preschool children with general underdevelopment of speech. The purpose of the article on the basis of theoretical analysis of the research problem is to study the peculiarities of the development of social behavior of preschool children with a general underdeveloped speech. A theoretical analysis of the problem of development of social behavior has been conducted; it has been analyzed the peculiarities of the formation of social behavior in preschool age; and studied social behavior of children with general underdeveloped speech. It has been established that for the formation of social behavior of children with language pathology it is necessary to develop not only three independent components (volitional, affective and cognitive) but, in connection with the presence of a complex language disorder, to construct correctional-speech therapist by four directions (speech, affective, cognitive, volitional).
Keywords: social environment, social behavior, socialization, social adaptation, general underdevelopment of speech, preschooler