Scientific and pedagogical activity of clergymen in Transcarpathia (1939 - 1944)


The article examines the scientific and pedagogical activities of the clergy under the conditions of military occupation and annexation of Transcarpathia by the Kingdom of Hungary. Participation in creation of the first scientific institution was analyzed. The main purpose was to create a literary language for the local population. Being at the intersection of ideas of the Western European and Eastern scientific schools Transcarpathian clergy carried out the original researches. Clergy’s priority ideas in the cultural life reflected in the work of the first scientific institution "Subcarpathian Association of Science". It was found that the priority areas of clergy’s scientific research were history, philology, literature, ethnography and art. The representatives of the Transcarpathian clergy A. Godinka, Y. Gadzhega, A. Ilnytskyy, I. Kondratovych, Y. Marina and others, made an important contribution. Clergy attached special importance to the creation of school textbooks and books for teaching. It was found that the scientific knowledge disseminated by issuing scientific publications of periodic, monographic and pedagogical character. Scientific researches were popularized in the pages of scientific collection "Zorya-Hajnal", books of series "Literary and Scientific Library" and monographs. 

Keywords: scientific activity, scientific publications, research, clergy, Transcarpathia