Linguididactic interpretation of language communication theory


The key idea of modern linguistics is the idea of anthropocentric language, which led to the emergence of the anthropocentric paradigm, which is interpreted as shifting the interests of research from objects of cognition to the subject, that is, analyzed man in language and language in man. The urgency of the problem is determined by the fact that the purpose of linguistic analysis can no longer be mere to identify the various characteristics of the language system. From the standpoint of the anthropocentric paradigm, a person learns the world through an awareness of himself, his ideal, and material activity in him. The purpose of the article is to study linguistic phenomena in close connection with the person, his/her thinking, and various types of spiritual and practical activity. The course "Fundamentals of Speech Act Theory" belongs to a number of philological disciplines and should form student’s understanding of the language features and non-verbal communication and its varieties, knowledge of the features of the communicative environment, channels and varieties of communication, the ability to use the principles of speech act theory in the analysis of communicative activities and events, when planning their own activities. It gives an idea of the role of speech communication in the "contact zone", the concept of language and style of speech, and speech tactics of communication taking into account the ego-states of the interlocutor. It should be noted that this course is designed to create the so-called "soft skills" for students, which is the most urgent requirement in the preparation of future professionals in any field of activity. This course is either a completely independent discipline or is a logical continuation of the courses "Introduction to Linguistics" and "General Linguistics", dedicated to the study of the common laws of origin and development, the essence and functioning of human language, the development of methods and techniques of linguistic studies which form the basis for the subsequent study of disciplines involved in language analysis: stylistics and text interpretation, discourse analysis, cognitive linguistics, etc. In particular, at Mukachevo State University, this course is integrated and presented in the curriculum of students of the specialty "Secondary education (language and literature (English))" as "General Linguistics with the Fundamentals of Speech Act Theory".

Keywords: linguistic analysis, linguistics, speech act theory, anthropocentric paradigm