Development of Digital Competence in the Training of Future Teachers in Ukraine and China

The relevance of the issue of developing the digital competence of future teachers in higher education is obvious, as technological progress is developing at an extremely rapid pace, and digitalisation has already penetrated into all spheres of life, including the education system. The purpose of the study is to compare the approaches of state educational policy to the development of digital competence of future teachers in China and Ukraine. To obtain new results, the following theoretical methods were used in the study: analysis of pedagogical literature, regulations, online platforms, educational sites, systematisation, and generalisation of research, organisation of training courses for future teachers – to compare different approaches to digital competence of future teachers. It is noted that digital competence is key in lifelong learning, as well as one of the components of a teacher's professional competence, according to the Standard Standard for Primary School Teachers, General Secondary Education Teachersб and Primary Education Teachers. The concept of digital competence is defined and it is substantiated that its significance changes in accordance with the development of digital modern society. The national educational policy of Ukraine and the People's Republic of China is analysed, in particular the regulatory base, which regulates the development of digital competence in the countries. It has been found that the problem of digital competence is relevant in both countries, in particular in China, where its solution is more progressive, due to powerful resource opportunities. An example of the content of academic disciplines, namely “Digital Training Tools”, “Cybersecurity”, “Media Education” (Ukraine), “Fundamentals of Computer Use”, “Use of Multimedia Technology” (PRC), their place in the educational process, hours on study, form of control of educational and cognitive activities, etc. These disciplines are aimed at developing the digital competence of future teachers in higher education institutions of Ukraine and China. It is noted that further research will relate to the study and analysis of national educational policy of the European Union on the development of digital competence, in particular in the training of future teachers